1. Red Twin-spot Carpet/Dark-barred Twin-spot Carpet – only record these to species level if you are confident. Separation of these two species is not always as easy as it appears in the books. The option exists on MapMate to record as the aggregate form if you are at all unsure.
2. November Moth/Pale November Moth/Autumnal Moth – record as November Moth agg if using MapMate and not Epirrita sp. Wing markings are only a guide and there is a lot of overlap. Autumnal Moth may be acceptable from experienced observers if well marked, otherwise genitalia examination is essential.
3. Dark Dagger/Grey Dagger – record as Dark Dagger/Grey Dagger. These cannot be separated by wing markings.
4. Marbled Minor/Tawny Marbled Minor – record as Marbled Minor agg on MapMate rather than Oligia sp. Rufous Minor may be allowable from experienced observers, otherwise also record as Marbled Minor agg.
5. Copper Underwing/Svensson’s Copper Underwing – only record if fresh and if you are familiar with the differences. Otherwise record as Copper Underwing agg.
6. Common Rustic/Lesser Common Rustic – record as Common Rustic agg on MapMate rather than Mesapamea sp. Despite what some books may suggest, these two species are never separable on wing markings. Be careful with genitalia examination as they can be tricky to separate.
7. Large Ear/Ear Moth/Crinan Ear/Saltern Ear – record as Ear Moth agg on MapMate rather than Amphipoea sp. Some literature suggests that Large Ear may be identifiable by experienced observers but even with this species it is usually best to check genitalia and the situation is compounded in Yorkshire as we have all four species in the county and it is likely that Large Ear and Saltern Ear hybridise at times. Be aware that both the male and female genitalia of Saltern Ear and Large Ear are very similar.
Every year we receive many records of ‘Pug species’, ‘Plume Moth Species’ or ‘Cnephasia species’. These are all deleted from the database so it is best not to record these. You do not have to try and put a name to everything you catch!
Several of the microlepidoptera should not be recorded to species level unless the genitalia have been examined. The option again exists on MapMate to record as the aggregate species. These are: