Species Account

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Summary Data

Season (Adult / Immature):

National Status: Migrant

Local Status: Scarce and local migrant/wanderer.

Local Record: Grade 3   See here for explanation

Flight time: Arrive Apr-Nov.

Forewing: 12-14mm.

Foodplant: Knotgrass.

Regional breakdown:

Year first recorded19831982196119611985
Year last recorded20142006201420132013
Number of records42531456
Number of individuals52629606
Unique positions21522313
Unique locations22523313
Adult records42528456
Immature records00000

For the county, we have a total of 129 records from 84 sites. First recorded in 1961.


70.038 Vestal 04
© Dave Shenton
70.038 Vestal 02
© Charles Fletcher, 28 Oct 2009
70.038 Vestal 01 on wine rope
© Charlie Streets, 12 Sep 2006
70.038 Vestal 03
© Mark Yeates

Species Account

Sutton & Beaumont, 1989: This previously rare migrant has recently become a more frequent visitor. There was a great influx into Britain in 1983 from which several Yorkshire records came and there have been more reports since (most 1983 records are in Bretherton & Chalmers-Hunt, 1984). Dunn and Parrack (1986) report that in 1985 it was even more frequent in the North. This did not seem to be the case in Yorkshire, although several were recorded in that year.

2012 (CHF): We continue to get records of this sporadic migrant in most years. There were an unprecedented 29 records in the great migrant autumn of 2006. Many records of this species are inland.

See background to species accounts.  Index of Vernacular names - Search - Random Species