Species Account

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Summary Data

Season (Adult / Immature):

National Status: Common

Local Status: Very common and fairly widespread resident.

Local Record: Grade 3 adult, 1 leaf-mine   See here for explanation

Flight time: Two generations, Apr-May, Jul-Aug.

Forewing: 2-3mm.

Foodplant: Beech.

Regional breakdown:

Year first recorded20091859188320001883
Year last recorded20142014201420142013
Number of records346510011137
Number of individuals11596491220
Unique positions28618810835
Unique locations2660839931
Adult records10101
Immature records33639811035

For the county, we have a total of 347 records from 299 sites. First recorded in 1859.


04.034 Stigmella tityrella 04 ex mine on beech
© Andy Nunn
04.034 Stigmella tityrella 03 ex mine on beech
© Andy Nunn
04.034 Stigmella tityrella 02 mine on beech
© Andy Nunn
04.034 Stigmella tityrella 01 leaf mine
© Terry Box, 13 Nov 2012

Species Account

Most records are of leaf-mines.

Sutton & Beaumont, 1989: Widely distributed and common in all five vice-counties.

2013 (CHF): Widespread and common across the county where the larva mine beech leaves. This is the commoner of the two beech-feeding Stigmella species. The mine is usually very distinctive. The egg is laid under the leaf in the axil of a vein. The corridor then zigzags outwards between two lateral veins in the direction of the leaf margin. The frass is never coiled. It must be distinguished from Stigmella hemargyrella where the egg is laid away from the midrib, there is a section of coiled frass, and the mine is much more untidy.


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